Tshuaj tua kab mob

Nrog rau kev txhim kho ntawm science thiab thev naus laus zis thiab kev txhim kho ntawm tib neeg kev nyob, tib neeg xav tau cov khoom siv tua kab mob thiab cov khoom lag luam yuav txuas ntxiv. Txhawm rau txhim kho tib neeg kev noj qab haus huv, txhim kho kev ua neej thiab kev ua haujlwm, kev tshawb nrhiav thiab kev tsim kho tshiab, kev ua haujlwm siab, tsis muaj tshuaj lom, tsis muaj ntxhiab thiab tua kab mob nrog cov khoom siv tshuaj tua kab mob ntev tau dhau los ua cov kev tshawb fawb tam sim no. Cov khoom siv ua kom muaj cov kab mob muaj cov yam ntxwv ntawm kev ua haujlwm siab, dav dav, tsis muaj kuab lom, tsis qab, tsis muaj kuab lom, tsis muaj kuab paug rau ib puag ncig, kev nyab xeeb thiab kev tiv thaiv ib puag ncig, thiab lwm yam, thiab tau dhau los ua ib qho ntawm cov kab mob tua kab mob ua ntej.

Raws li nanomaterial, nanosilver muaj cov nyhuv ntim, cov nyhuv ntawm sab, qhov loj me me thiab cov txiaj ntsig macroscopic quantum tunnel effect, thiab muaj cov peev xwm loj hauv kev tsim thiab daim ntawv thov muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm cov liaj teb ntawm superconductivity, photoelectricity, antibacterial, thiab catalysis.

Ob hom kab mob, Escherichia coli thiab Staphylococcus aureus, tau raug xaiv los ua cov neeg sawv cev rau qhov muaj txiaj ntsig zoo thiab muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm cov khoom muaj peev xwm ntawm cov npaj nano-nyiaj colloid. Cov kev sim tshawb pom tau tseeb tias cov nano nyiaj colloid ua los ntawm Hongwu Nano muaj cov kab mob zoo tiv thaiv cov kab mob Gram-tsis zoo, cov kab mob Gram-positive thiab cov pwm. Thiab cov khoom siv antibacterial yog ruaj khov.

Daim ntawv thov tseem ceeb ntawm nano nyiaj colloid tsis txwv rau cov hauv qab no:
 
Tshuaj: cov tshuaj tua kab mob thiab tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv, kho thiab rov tsim cov ntaub so ntswg;
Cov khoom siv hluav taws xob: xim txheej conductive, tus number case conductive, nti ntim, electrode muab tshuaj;
Kev tsim nyog txhua hnub: anti-zoo li qub, anti-bacterial txheej / zaj duab xis;
Cov ntaub ntawv catalytic: roj cell catalyst, cov roj theem catalyst;
Cov khoom siv txauv tshav kub; electroplating txheej cov ntaub ntawv.

Kev noj qab haus huv nyob ib puag ncig tau dhau los ua lub hom phiaj ntawm tib neeg. Yog li ntawd, cov kab mob me me ib puag ncig uas tsim kev puas tsuaj rau tib neeg kev noj qab haus huv kuj tseem nyiam tib neeg cov xim.Qhov kev ua haujlwm muaj kab mob
 yeej ib txwm ua txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb rau tib neeg los tiv thaiv peb txoj kev noj qab haus huv.Ua kev tsim kho ntawm kev tshawb fawb thiab thev naus laus zis, cov khoom siv nano tua kab mob siv tau los siv hauv huab cua huv, kev lim dej,
 cov khoom yas, kev ua kom pom txheej tha xim, kev noj qab haus huv kho mob thiab lwm qhov chaw.

Kev faib tawm qee cov khoom siv feem ntau siv nano tua kab mob

1. Hlau nano antibacterial khoom
a.Silver nanoparticles (hauv cov hmoov ntawv)
b.Silver nanoparticles dispersion (hauv cov ntawv ua kua)
c. Tsis muaj kob tsis muaj pob tshab nano nyiaj dispersion (hauv cov qauv ua kua)

2.Metal oxide nano antibacterial cov khoom siv
a.ZnO Zinc oxide nanoparticles
b. CuO Tooj liab oxide nanoparticles
c. Cu2O Cupous oxide nanoparticles
d. TiO2 Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (photocatalysis)

3.Cov plhaub nanoparticles
Ag / TiO2 Nanoparticles, Ag / ZnO nanoparticles.etc

Daim ntawv thov ntawm nano antibacterial cov ntaub ntawv
1. Nano antibacterial txheej
Cov txheej txheem tshuaj tua kab mob thiab ua kom tsis muaj zog, huab cua huv txheej thiab tshuaj tua tus kheej ntxuav cov txheej txheem tau tsim los ntawm kev ntxiv cov txheej txheem nano antibacterial rau hauv txheej, thiab cov txiaj ntsig zoo tshaj plaws purification tau txais.

2. Nano antibacterial plastics
Kev sib ntxiv ntawm ib qho me me ntawm cov khoom siv tua kab mob tuaj yeem muab cov yas ntev ntev rau cov kab mob thiab cov kab mob muaj peev xwm.Plastic antibacterial cov khoom siv ntxiv cov nqi ntawm 1% tuaj yeem nyob hauv cov yas ntev - lub sijhawm tiv thaiv kab mob thiab kom tsis muaj menyuam.
Kev siv cov tshuaj tua kab mob muaj xws li cov khoom noj khoom haus, kev sib txuas lus hluav taws xob, khoom siv hauv tsev, khoom siv hauv tsev, khoom siv hauv chaw ua haujlwm, khoom ua si, kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv, thiab khoom siv hauv tsev.

3. Nano antibacterial fibers
Vim tias fiber ntau tuaj yeem nqus tau ntau cov kab mob me me, yog tias qhov ntsuas kub zoo, cov kab mob me me yuav nce nrawm dua, yog li ua rau muaj ntau yam kev phom sij rau tib neeg lub cev.
 Textile fiberantibacterial yog ib qho tseem ceeb txuas rau kom tib neeg kev noj qab haus huv.

4. Nano antibacterial ceramics
Cov khoom ua kom zoo nkauj ntawm cov nplaig ceramic cov khoom ua tiav tau pom los ntawm kev ntxiv cov khoom siv nano tua.

5. Nano antibacterial lub tsev cov ntaub ntawv
Cov vaj tse niaj hnub no muaj cov huab cua zoo, tsis muaj cua txaus rwb thaiv tsev thiab cua, thiab cov phab ntsa yuav lwg thiab noo, uas muab cov kab mob zoo rau kev tu tub tu kiv thiab nthuav tawm
 ntawm cov kab mob hu ua fungi thiab lwm yam kab mob me me.Qhov kev siv cov khoom siv tshuaj tua kab mob hauv tsev, kev tiv thaiv cov kab mob thiab cov tshuaj tua kab mob muaj peev xwm txo qis kev muaj sia nyob ntawm cov kab mob ntawm cov rooj tog,
 cov phab ntsa sab hauv thiab huab cua sab hauv, uas yog txoj hauv kev zoo los txo qhov tshwm sim ntawm cov kab mob sib kis thiab sib kis tus kab mob.